Treatment of prostatitis

The doctor prescribes a course of treatment for prostatitis to the patient.

The prostate gland is one of the main organs of the male genitourinary system. It produces a secret that is part of the sperm and provides the conditions for the "vital activity" of sperm. Inflammation and swelling of the prostate is considered the most common health problem for men, especially in adulthood and old age.

Methods for the treatment of prostatitis are constantly being improved, the attention of the entire world medical community is focused on this problem. Therapeutic tactics depend on the type of pathology, the cause of its occurrence, the individual characteristics of the patient's body and the degree of spread of the inflammatory process.

Particular difficulties are associated with the treatment of chronic prostatitis. Frequent recurrences of the disease and the low effectiveness of therapy are due to the many causes of the pathology and the variety of symptoms. Inflammation of the prostate may not be accompanied by pain and other clinical signs of prostatitis, and in many cases, the characteristic symptoms of inflammation of the prostate are not associated with dysfunctions of the gland at all. Pain in the perineum and lower abdomen due to problems urinating can be caused by a urinary tract infection.

The treatment of prostatitis is a task that requires a comprehensive and sometimes interdisciplinary approach, with the participation of an andrologist-urologist and other specialists. And if, with an acute course of the disease and a timely visit to a doctor, therapy will take several weeks, then with chronic inflammation, the patient must be patient in order to achieve not only temporary relief of symptoms, but complete relief. . Recovery.

Basic principles of treatment of prostatitis:

  • Chance. The sooner the patient sees a doctor, the better their chances of a full recovery and the lower the risk of complications.
  • Professionalism. Prostatitis is a disease with a complex pathogenesis, and therapy can only be carried out by a highly qualified doctor, based on the data of a comprehensive examination. You cannot trust methods that have not passed clinical tests and the advice of traditional healers.
  • Complexity. Treatment should include various scientifically proven therapies to achieve maximum effect.
  • Both partners must be treated, since prostatitis is often caused by infectious agents.
  • The patient must be responsible for the treatment and strictly follow all the recommendations of the treating physician.

Medical treatment of prostatitis

Drug therapy is the main treatment for prostatitis. Its complex includes drugs of different spectrum of action. The treatment regimen is determined individually in each individual case, taking into account the results of the examination and the nature of the disease.

The main components of the complex drug treatment of prostatitis:

  • antibacterial agents.Antibiotics are prescribed for acute prostatitis, if the results of bakposev determine the presence of pathogenic microflora. The choice of a particular drug depends on tests of the susceptibility of microorganisms to a particular active substance.

    Antibiotics that suppress the activity of pathogenic microorganisms are used in prostatitis of bacterial origin. With inflammation of the prostate of a non-infectious nature, these groups of drugs are also prescribed to prevent or eliminate bacterial complications. The duration of antibiotic therapy can be several weeks.

    Antibiotics should only be taken as directed by your doctor. Only he can determine the required dosage and duration of the drug. Self-medication attempts will lead to an imbalance in the microflora and the death of beneficial bacteria, as well as the development of resistance to antibacterial agents in pathogens.

  • anti-inflammatory therapy.It is carried out with the help of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, a short course of 5-7 days. These medications can stop the inflammatory process and relieve or completely eliminate the pain of prostatitis.
  • Adrenoblockers.They are prescribed to relax the smooth muscles of the prostate and bladder neck, relieve pain during urination.
  • Other addresses.Other groups of drugs can also be used to restore the flow of urine, eliminate spasms and relieve pain.

With the accumulation of purulent exudate in the prostate, surgical treatment is indicated.

Auxiliary methods of treatment of prostatitis.

For effective treatment of prostatitis, it is important to remove congestion in the pelvic organs, restore blood circulation in them and improve microcirculation. For this they are used:

  • acupuncture;
  • magnetic laser therapy;
  • shock wave therapy;
  • prostate massage;
  • microclysters with decoctions of medicinal herbs or solutions of medicinal substances;
  • rectal diathermy;
  • mud therapy (rectal swabs, mud panties).

These methods are especially important in chronic prostatitis, which is characterized by a recurrent course. Physiotherapeutic direction in combination with medication helps in the treatment of prostatitis and in the elimination of the negative impact of pathology on the general state of health. In some cases, the help of a psychotherapist is also needed if, against the background of inflammation of the prostate gland, erectile dysfunction and other functional disorders or complications of a psychogenic nature are observed.

Implementation of medical recommendations.

The patient should be actively involved in the treatment of prostatitis, which consists in the implementation of the following recommendations.

  • Normalization of physical activity.It plays an important role in restoring blood circulation in the pelvic organs. Therefore, men suffering from prostatitis are recommended to walk, swim, do regular exercise, yoga and other feasible activities. This helps improve treatment results and works as a prevention of one of the most common triggers of chronic prostatitis: insufficient blood supply to the prostate.
  • diet correction. You should limit the consumption of foods that contribute to the development of constipation and increase gas formation in the intestines. They are products made from white flour, sweets, legumes, raw cabbage, excess animal protein, etc. Although dietary changes have no true therapeutic value, they can significantly relieve symptoms of prostatitis caused by intestinal pressure on the prostate gland. It is also recommended to exclude from the menu spicy foods, sweets, pickles, which modify the pH of urine and can increase the manifestations of dysuria.
  • Normalization of sexual life.With prostatitis, coitus interruptus, forced withdrawal, delayed ejaculation cannot be practiced. In the treatment of this disease, not real intimate contacts play an important role, but ejaculation and the increased blood circulation caused by it in the prostate gland. The only condition under which sexual life should be paused is painful ejaculation or other discomfort during arousal.

When prescribing a course of treatment, the doctor gives detailed recommendations that are relevant to a particular clinical case. You should not self-medicate: prostatitis is a disease that can lead to serious complications if it is not stopped in time.