As long as the human body, and especially that of man, does not fail and does not indicate ill health with pain in any part of it, it seems that this representative of the stronger sex will always be young and healthy, and minor and painful ills. symptoms will go away on their own. But, according to statistics, the first signs of prostatitis in men seem insignificant, and consequently they are ignored by the men themselves, which ultimately leads to quite serious consequences. What should be done at the first manifestations and signs of the development of prostatitis, how to prevent an exacerbation of the nature of the disease and prevent undesirable consequences, we will consider later in this article.
According to statistics, prostatitis is the most common purely male urological disease, which is an inflammation of a component of the reproductive system such as the prostate gland, located below the bladder. Simply put, the prostate lies close to the urinary tube, covering it. Inflammation of the prostate provokes its enlargement, as a result of which it presses on the urinary canal, reduces the lumen in it, which does not completely empty the bladder when urinating.
Several decades ago, prostatitis was considered a disease of middle age, since this disease was observed in the stronger sex from the age of 45, while today signs of inflammation of the prostate can appear even in young men (under 30).
The prostate gland in a man's body performs the following functions:
- produces a secret that makes sperm more fluid and helps increase the duration of sperm activity;
- produces prostaglandins and other active substances and hormones;
- provides a sufficient rate of sperm release;
- protects sperm from entering urine.
The main problem that appears as a result of the development of prostatitis is that with an increase in the volume of the gland itself, an increasing amount of urine remains after urinating in the bladder and poisons the man's body. Therefore, even minor symptoms of inflammation should not be ignored, so as not to trigger the disease with more serious consequences.
The results of long-term clinical studies have made it possible to identify the main causes of the disease and the groups of people who suffer from prostatitis most frequently.
So, the risk group includes men:
- working seated for a long time, in addition to leading a sedentary lifestyle;
- Have overweight;
- having promiscuous sex, the consequences of which can be damage from sexually transmitted infections;
- suffers from frequent constipation, which causes the spread of microorganisms and bacterial inflammation of the prostate;
- subjecting yourself to excessive strain on your groin muscles due to injury or occupational reasons, such as driving;
- susceptible to frequent hypothermia, hormonal alterations, as well as those whose sexual life is not regular.
Signs of prostatitis in men.
Any serious disease warns of its initial stage of development with certain signs. If you do not take them into account and do not seek the advice of a specialist in time, you can lose precious time that can be used to treat the disease from the beginning.
Often the disease progresses without definite signs, passing without due attention to a chronic form that is difficult to treat.
With certain signals, it warns of its initial stage of development of any serious diseases.
But if a person is attentive to the changes that occur to him, he will surely notice the initial symptoms of inflammation in the following manifestations of prostatitis in men:
- Frequent need to urinate at night.
- The process of emptying the bladder itself is difficult, with a characteristic weak pressure, intermittent or split stream, painful, and longer than normal.
- A man feels a burning sensation when urinating, after which a feeling of a full bladder remains.
- Painful sensations during bowel movements.
- Decreased quality of erection, fatigue, involuntary nocturnal erections.
- Chills due to increased body temperature.
- Highlighting a specific color.
Symptoms of prostatitis.
Prostatitis caused by microorganisms (bacteria) can usually occur in acute and chronic forms, each of which is distinguished by the presence of special symptoms:
- if prostatitis is observed in an acute form, then a significant increase in body temperature is a frequent phenomenon, the pain spreads not only to the prostate area, but also radiates to the groin and even the lumbar region, the men note the presence of difficulties and frequent urination, decreased libido;
- the chronic course of prostatitis is characterized by characteristic pain in the pelvic and perineal region, the presence of blood clots in the semen and painful ejaculation, frequent need to urinate at night, which is accompanied by burning and pain.
What is the peculiarity of acute and chronic inflammation?
Acute prostatitis is much less common than chronic prostatitis. A feature of the manifestation of the acute form of the disease is a characteristic severe pain that dislocates in the perineum and intensifies during urination and defecation. Also, there may be a persistent discharge from the urinary canal and a decrease in erection. The temperature can go up to 38-39 degrees. In severe cases, with acute urinary retention, severe intoxication of the body is possible.
Chronic prostatitis has symptoms similar to other urological diseases and sometimes even asymptomatic. But it can be recognized by mild, fast-paced pain in the perineum, as well as in the groin and pubic region. The duration and quality of sexual intercourse change significantly, and during morning urination, there may be a sediment in the form of white flakes in the urine. There may be a characteristic discharge after emptying the bladder.
If you do not identify a disease such as prostatitis and do not start its timely treatment, the consequences can be very deplorable: from violations of the patient's usual lifestyle, provoked by dependence on the toilet, constant unpleasant and painful sensations, intoxication due to poisoning with the products of the organism's own vital activity contained in stagnant urine, up to significant alterations in the genital area, up to impotence and infertility.
Also, prostatitis in a man reduces the quality of sperm and, as a result, the probability of conception. Pathological processes that occur in the prostate gland can cause its abscess, kidney failure, and inflammation of other organs of the genitourinary system.
Regardless of the way in which prostatitis proceeds, this process is necessarily accompanied by a pain syndrome, and the pain often radiates to the scrotum, sacrum, abdomen, back, and pelvic region. The prostate itself cannot produce such severe pain, but the nerve endings of other pelvic organs react sharply to localized inflammatory processes.
Discharge from the urinary canal with prostatitis can be of the following types:
- Discharge of milky color and thick consistency: indicates the development of an inflammatory process in the prostate gland.
- Uncontrolled discharge of sperm from the urethra - indicates the transition from prostatitis to a chronic form or the development of other diseases of the genitourinary system.
- Purulent discharge appears with a slow prostatitis, but in combination with an elevated temperature it is a symptom of the transition of the disease to an acute form.
- Purulent discharge with a mixture of mucus is observed in the presence of bacterial prostatitis caused by microorganisms, the infection of which occurs mainly through sexual contact.
Treatment of prostatitis
Complete healing of prostatitis is quite a long process that requires an integrated approach. First, with the help of laboratory tests, diagnostics are carried out to determine the nature of the disease, ultrasound, MRI and tomography examinations are prescribed, with their help they clearly determine the presence of this particular disease, and not another with symptoms. Similar.
As soon as the diagnosis of prostatitis is confirmed, the urologist prescribes the necessary therapy, which includes:
- Medicines that improve blood circulation.
- Medicines to relieve pain.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs.
- If there are signs of intoxication, detox and electrolyte solutions are prescribed.
- Additional activities may include diet foods, exercise therapy, and sedatives.
Surgical treatment is indicated only for prostate abscess or complete blockage of bladder outflow.
How to treat prostatitis at home
Traditional methods of treating prostatitis include the use of natural remedies such as:
- Pumpkin seeds.
- Broth and enemas with him from chestnut skin.
- Ripe chestnut fruit tincture.
- Freshly squeezed juices from carrots, beets, cucumbers, asparagus.
- Elderberry juice (black).
- Prostate massage.
However, it should be remembered that such funds are auxiliary, the treatment process will be quite long and must be supervised by a qualified urologist.
Prevention of prostatitis
Any man can independently carry out preventive measures:
- pay attention to physical activity, rational alternative work, rest and physical activity;
- walk, and the more the better;
- adhere to the rules of a healthy diet and lifestyle;
- visit a doctor if even minor symptoms of the development of the disease appear;
- use contraceptives;
- men run the risk of not carrying weights, and also avoiding excessive physical exertion;
- adhere to an orderly sex life.
The forums devoted to various methods of treating prostate diseases are full of messages, the leitmotiv of which is the same:
- the disease affects approximately 60 percent of men in adulthood (over 40);
- many of them constantly postpone a visit to a specialist, which triggers the disease, due to which prostatitis becomes a chronic disease;
- the pain signs that appear and the presence of characteristic discharge are often perceived as manifestations of sexually transmitted diseases and independently, and sometimes on the advice of friends, take medication, although they know for sure that it is better to consult a specialist ;
- almost everyone has erectile dysfunction, decreased sex drive, and sexual dysfunction.